UN : Indonesia is The 6th Largest Global Tea Producers!
While coffee might seem to be the “go-to” drink for those seeking a hot beverage, the world actually runs on tea.
Tea is one of the world's most consumed beverages. It is thought to originate from China where tea has been drunk for thousands of years. Around the 16th century, when the Portuguese were expanding their power, this beverage was imported to Europe and quickly gained popularity. This popularity made the Portuguese and the Dutch decide to establish large-scale tea plantations in their tropical colonies.
Constant temperatures andhumidity are idealconditionsforthe teaplant to grow. Such conditions can be found in the tropical and subtropical climates in Asia where currently more than 60 percent of global tea production is cultivated. In particular, the cooler highlands will produce a good quality of tea leaves. The tea plant can be first harvested after it has reached the age of around four years. When harvesting, only young leaves are selected, implying that manual picking is more efficient than using mechanical equipment. Tea production is therefore a labor-intensive business.
According to last research doing by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1993-2013, Indonesia currently ranks number six on the list of largest global tea producers. In 2013, Indonesia produced 150,100 tonnes of tea. In fact, Indonesia is the 22nd on World Bank's list of world biggest tea drinkers with the population consuming an average of 1.007 pounds of tea per person per year. The yearly consumption of tea in Indonesia has been steadily rising over the last five years according to Central Statistic Bureau (BPS).
Acreage tea production has remained relatively stable. This indicates that the remaining tea estates have become more productive.
Approximately 65 percent of the Indonesian tea production is exported. The main countries of export destination are Russia, Great Britain, and Pakistan. Export is dominated by large plantations, both state-owned and private, while the majority of smallholders are more oriented towards the domestic market. Global tea consumption rises by about four percent annually. Indonesia's domestic tea consumption is rising on a much higher level: more than 20 percent annually in recent years. As Indonesia's tea production is showing a decreasing trend and exports account for around 65 percent of tea production (mostly the premium quality), the country needs to import tea to satisfy domestic demand. Tea imports comprise about 25 percent of Indonesia's domestic tea consumption. Imports will have to be increased if the government provides no incentives to develop the country's tea industry. With this condition, Indonesia sure needs some investments on tea production due to the high demand.